By Gerald Friedlander
Pirke de Rabbi Eliezer, or P.R.E., comprises midrashim on Genesis, a part of Exodus, and some sentences of Numbers. Ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, (late 1st-early second century CE, Israel), an important pupil of Rabban Yohanan Ben Zakkai and head of the Academy in Lod, it was once composed most likely in Italy almost immediately after 833. the writer turns out to were from Eretz Israel: customs to which he refers are identified to have existed simply there.
In the broadcast texts there are fifty-four chapters, while within the MS. utilized by Friedlander there are just fifty-three chapters, considering the final are mixed into one. Friedlander's translation is predicated on hitherto unpublished manuscripts, with version readings supplied within the huge footnotes. The translator's 45-page advent is an exhaustive research of the connection of P.R.E. to the Talmud, Midrashim, Targumim, Apocryphal Literature and the Liturgy, and of its effect on Jewish and Christian literature.
Besides classes in moral habit, the booklet features a bargain of extraneous issues, resembling chapters on astronomy, Jewish calendar, kabbalistic traditions, and different issues. The author's target is to teach the good moral worth of many bibilical episodes, show their good looks and that means in everyday life. The e-book abounds with legends and tales, and even supposing composed past due, the culture it attracts upon is kind of old.
The booklet consists most likely of 3 elements. the thing of 1 of those components is to explain intimately the “ten descents” from heaven to earth, which God is related in Holy Scripture to have made long ago. one other part included in our current paintings professed to provide an in depth account of Rabbinic mysticism, extra really the traditional mysteries of the production (Ma‘aseh Bereshith), the Divine Chariot (Ma‘aseh Merkabah), in addition to the key of the Calendar (Sod Ha-‘Ibbur) and the key of the Redemption (Sod Ge'ullah).
The ebook is written in very good taanitic Hebrew common, which borders now and then on poetry; specially while it offers with the times of Moshiach, to which topic many passages are devoted.
By David H. Stern
By Marcus J Freed
By John G. Gager
By Steven Weitzman
The first significant heritage of the scholarly quest to respond to the query of Jewish origins
The Jews have one of many longest always recorded histories of any humans on this planet, yet what will we truly find out about their origins? whereas many imagine the reply to this query are available within the Bible, others glance to archaeology or genetics. a few skeptics have even sought to debunk the very concept that the Jews have a standard foundation. during this booklet, Steven Weitzman takes a discovered and vigorous examine what we know—or imagine we know—about the place the Jews got here from, after they arose, and the way they got here to be.
Scholars have written 1000s of books at the subject and feature get a hold of rankings of causes, theories, and ancient reconstructions, yet this can be the 1st e-book to track the background of the various methods which have been utilized to the query, together with family tree, linguistics, archaeology, psychology, sociology, and genetics. Weitzman exhibits how this quest has been fraught considering that its inception with non secular and political agendas, how anti-Semitism solid its lengthy shadow over generations of studying, and the way fresh claims approximately Jewish origins were tricky to disentangle from the Israeli-Palestinian clash. He doesn't supply smartly packaged conclusions yet invitations readers on an highbrow event, laying off new mild at the assumptions and biases of these looking answers—and the demanding situations that experience made discovering solutions so elusive.
Spanning greater than centuries and drawing at the newest findings, The beginning of the Jews brings wanted readability and ancient context to this enduring and sometimes divisive topic.
By Dan-Alexandru Ilies
By Avraham Feder
By Rifat Bali
By Andrea Reiter
This publication examines Jewish writers and intellectuals in Austria, interpreting filmic and digital media along extra conventional booklet codecs during the last 25 years. starting with the Waldheim affair and the rhetorical reaction through the 3 such a lot favourite individuals of the survivor iteration (Leon Zelman, Simon Wiesenthal and Bruno Kreisky) writer Andrea Reiter units a sophisticated general for ‘who is Jewish’ and what constitutes a ‘Jewish response.’ She reformulates the ideas of non secular and secular Jewish cultural expression, slicing throughout gender and Holocaust reports. The paintings proceeds to questions of enacting or appearing identification, specially Jewish id within the Austrian environment, how those Jewish writers and filmmakers in Austria ‘perform’ their Jewishness not just of their public appearances and engagements but additionally of their works. by means of attractive with novels, poems, and flicks, this quantity demanding situations the dominant declare that Jewish tradition in significant Europe is sort of solely borne by means of non-Jews and fed on by way of non-Jewish audiences, setting up a brand new counter-discourse opposed to resurging anti-Semitism within the media.
By Akiva Cohen