By Reviel Netz
By Thomas F. Army
Engineering Victory brings a clean method of the query of why the North prevailed within the Civil battle. Historian Thomas F. military, Jr., identifies energy in engineering—not greater army approach or commercial advantage—as the serious picking out consider the war’s outcome.
Army unearths that Union squaddies have been capable of follow clinical ingenuity and innovation to complicated difficulties in a fashion that accomplice squaddies easily couldn't fit. expert unfastened nation engineers who have been educated throughout the antebellum interval benefited from simple academic reforms, the unfold of casual academic practices, and a tradition that inspired studying and innovation. through the struggle, their fast development and service of roads, railways, and bridges allowed Northern troops to cross speedy throughout the forbidding terrain of the South as chickening out and maneuvering Confederates struggled to chop provide strains and forestall the Yankees from urgent any advantage.
By proposing distinctive case reports from either theaters of the conflict, military in actual fact demonstrates how the warriors’ schooling, education, and abilities spelled the variation among good fortune and failure, victory and defeat. He additionally finds tremendous logistical operations as serious in deciding upon the war’s outcome.
Download e-book for kindle: Metalworking through History: An Encyclopedia (Handicrafts by Ana M. Lopez
By Ana M. Lopez
Metalworking via heritage presents a complete, old evaluate of the topic of metalworking whereas exploring it inside its cultural context. it's written from the point of view that the crafting of items in steel is a different means of figuring out a selected time and tradition. As a extensive encyclopedia of metalworking, it permits the reader to view the various societies and sessions that produced paintings during this medium as a part of an international, interrelated perform. made out of over sixty entries on suitable time sessions, cultures, makers and strategies, the ebook is a much-needed normal reference textual content within the survey of this craft. the themes span all of the significant metalworking sessions and peoples, from the rituals of African iron smelting to the 20 th century studio circulation. impressive person makers are highlighted to offer extra perception into the days at which they have been lively. additionally, the fabrics and strategies utilized in the act of metalworking are basically defined in phrases which are simply understood by means of a practitioner with tacit wisdom of the medium. prompt extra readings and cross-references enable for the growth of analysis and extra learn. it's a superb first source for knowing the ideas and terminology of the traditional and pervasive craft of metalworking. quantity comprises 8 pages of colour plates, and black and white images throughout.
Metalworking via historical past offers a accomplished, ancient assessment of the topic of metalworking whereas exploring it inside of its cultural context. it really is written from the point of view that the crafting of gadgets in steel is a distinct means of realizing a specific time and tradition. As a extensive encyclopedia of metalworking, it permits the reader to view the various societies and sessions that produced paintings during this medium as a part of a world, interrelated perform. made out of over sixty entries on proper time sessions, cultures, makers and techniques, the publication is a much-needed basic reference textual content within the survey of this craft. the topics span the entire significant metalworking sessions and peoples, from the rituals of African iron smelting to the 20 th century studio circulation. striking person makers are highlighted to provide extra perception into the days at which they have been lively. additionally, the fabrics and strategies utilized in the act of metalworking are in actual fact defined in phrases which are simply understood by way of a practitioner with tacit wisdom of the medium. recommended extra readings and cross-references enable for the growth of study and extra examine. it truly is an outstanding first source for knowing the ideas and terminology of the traditional and pervasive craft of metalworking. quantity contains 8 pages of colour plates, and black and white pictures throughout.
*Art Deco *Marianne Brandt *Chinese *Dark a while *Enamel *Engraving *Georg Jensen *Judaica *Metals and their Alloys *Native American *Plating and Leaf *Renaissance *June Schwartz *Soldering *South American *Samuel Yellin
Download e-book for iPad: The Invention of the Communication Engine 'Telegraph' by B.J.G. van der Kooij
By B.J.G. van der Kooij
the diversity of innovations that resulted in the electrical telegraph starts with the preliminary learn of 2 Germans within the 1830s: Gauss and Weber. quickly experimental telegraphs constructed on each side of the Atlantic (i.e., Morse within the US and Cooke & Wheatstone in England) introduced numerous many years of explosive company progress, fueled by means of fierce festival, a flurry of mergers and acquisitions, and the evolution of a monstrous infrastructure of telegraph strains and workplaces.
yet those advancements are just a part of the tale. In his huge research, van der Kooij lays out a richly textured tapestry of forces that weave jointly to shape the context for the improvement of telegraphic communique. by way of focusing in on what drives inventive contributors, he deals a special standpoint at the interaction among technological innovation and social-economic change.
Telegraphic verbal exchange began with using the Semaphore within the first a part of the 19th century. An age that observed the French Revolution and its aftermath engulf Europe. the outline of this era illuminates the context for the discovery of the Telegraph.
By Donald R. Prothero,Carl Buell
In this moment variation, Prothero describes new transitional fossils from a variety of classes, vividly depicting such strange creatures because the Odontochelys, or the “turtle at the part shell,” fossil snakes with legs, and the “Frogamander,” a brand new instance of amphibian transition. Prothero’s dialogue of intelligent-design arguments contains extra ancient examples and cautious exam of the “experiments” and observations which are exploited by way of creationists looking to undermine sound technology schooling. With new views, Prothero reframes creationism extra as a case examine in denialism and pseudoscience than as a box with its personal highbrow dynamism. the 1st version used to be hailed because the top ebook at the fossil facts for evolution, and this moment version should be welcome within the libraries of students, academics, and common readers who rise up for sound science.
By Daniel Patrick Morgan
Download e-book for kindle: Lithic Technology: Measures of Production, Use and Curation by William Andrefsky Jr
By William Andrefsky Jr
By Lorraine Daston
With Science within the Archives, Lorraine Daston and her co-authors supply the 1st research of the real function that those records play within the typical and human sciences. attaining throughout disciplines and centuries, individuals conceal episodes within the background of astronomy, geology, genetics, philology, climatology, drugs, and more—as good as primary practices akin to amassing, retrieval, and knowledge mining. Chapters hide themes starting from doxology in Greco-Roman Antiquity to NSA surveillance strategies of the twenty-first century. completely exploring the practices, politics, economics, and strength of the sciences of the information, this quantity unearths the fundamental old size of the sciences, whereas additionally including a much-needed long-term point of view to modern debates over the makes use of of huge info in science.
By Matthew L. Jones
In Reckoning with Matter, Matthew L. Jones attracts at the remarkably huge and well-preserved documents of the search to discover the concrete strategies taken with imagining, elaborating, trying out, and construction calculating machines. He explores the writings of philosophers, engineers, and craftspeople, displaying how they thought of technical novelty, their detailed components of craftsmanship, and methods they can coordinate their efforts. In doing so, Jones argues that the conceptions of creativity and making they exhibited are usually extra incisive—and extra honest—than those who dominate our present criminal, political, and aesthetic culture.
Download e-book for kindle: Samuel F. B. Morse and the Dawn of the Age of Electricity by George F. Botjer
By George F. Botjer