By Linda M. Ambrose,Joan M. Jensen
The participants to Women in Agriculture study how rural women’s services used to be disseminated and the way it was once got. via those essays, readers meet subversively lunching girls in Ontario and African American domestic demonstration brokers in Arkansas. the agricultural sociologist Emily Hoag made a spot for girls on the US division of Agriculture in addition to in agricultural study. Canadian rural reformer Madge Watt, British radio broadcaster Mabel Webb, and US ethnobotanists Mary Warren English and Frances Densmore constructed new how you can percentage and protect rural women’s wisdom. those and the opposite ladies profiled right here up to date and increased rural women’s roles in shaping their groups and the wider society. Their tales expand and complicate the historical past of agriculture in North the US and Western Europe.
Linda M. Ambrose, Maggie Andrews, Cherisse Branch-Jones, Joan M. Jensen, Amy McKinney, Anne Moore, Karen Sayer, Margreet van der Burg, Nicola Verdon
By John Burnham
Technology calls for uniformity from humans who come upon it. humans encountering expertise, despite the fact that, fluctuate from each other. Thinkers within the early 20th century, looking at the bleak outcomes of interactions among people and machines—death by way of autos or dismemberment through manufacturing unit equipment, for example—developed the assumption of coincidence proneness: the tendency of a specific individual to have extra injuries than most folk. In tracing this idea from its delivery to its disappearance on the finish of the 20th century, Accident Prone bargains a different background of know-how centred now not on options yet on their accidental consequences.
Here, John C. Burnham exhibits that because the computer period stepped forward, the actual and fiscal impression of injuries coevolved with the increase of the coverage and tendencies in twentieth-century psychology. After international struggle I, psychologists decided that a few individuals are extra twist of fate companies than others. This designation signaled a shift in social technique towards minimizing injuries via diverting specific humans clear of risky environments. by way of the Sixties and Seventies, despite the fact that, the assumption of coincidence proneness steadily declined, and engineers constructed new applied sciences to guard each person, thereby introducing a hidden, yet radical, egalitarianism.
mendacity on the intersection of the background of expertise, the historical past of drugs and psychology, and environmental heritage, Accident Prone is an formidable highbrow research of the beginning, development, and decline of an concept that might curiosity a person who needs to appreciate how Western societies have grappled with the human bills of contemporary life.
By A. B. Zahlan
The assurance of the ebook contains verified styles of know-how acquisition within the Arab international; attainable mechanisms for the move and improvement of know-how; and the move of know-how and funding coverage layout. the choice additionally offers articles that disguise source similar know-how corresponding to water technology and know-how within the center East considering 1945; prompted adjustment and the position of agriculture in financial improvement; and clients and scope for solar power.
The e-book might be of significant curiosity to contributors enthusiastic about the technological improvement within the heart East.
By David Waller,Lord Norman Foster
In the early 19th century, Henry Maudslay, an engineer from a humble historical past, opened a manufacturing unit in Westminster Bridge street, a stone’s throw from the Thames. His workshop grew to become in its day the an identical of Google and Apple mixed, attracting the country’s most sensible in engineering expertise. Their tale of innovation and ambition tells how precision engineering made the commercial revolution attainable, aiding nice Britain develop into the workshop of the world.
By Roy Rosenzweig,Anthony Grafton
In those visionary essays, Roy Rosenzweig charts the influence of latest media on educating, learning, protecting, offering, and knowing background. Negotiating among the "cyberenthusiasts" who champion technological breakthroughs and the "digitalskeptics" who worry the top of conventional humanistic scholarship, Rosenzweig re-envisions educational historians' practices rites whereas examining and advocating for newbie historians' achievements.
While he addresses the perils of "doing historical past" on-line, Rosenzweig eloquently identifies the guarantees of electronic paintings, detailing leading edge recommendations for strong searches in basic and secondary assets, the elevated possibilities for discussion and debate, and, such a lot of all, the extraordinary entry afforded by means of the net. Rosenzweig attracts realization to the outlet up of the historic list to new voices, the supply of files and narratives to new audiences, and the sights of electronic applied sciences for brand new and various practitioners. notwithstanding he celebrates electronic history's democratizing affects, Rosenzweig additionally argues that we will purely make sure the way forward for the previous during this electronic age via actively resisting the efforts of agencies to place up gates and take advantage of the Web.
By Robert Courland,Dennis Smith
In a full of life narrative peppered with fascinating info, writer Robert Corland describes how probably the most recognized personalities of historical past turned desirous about the advance and use of concrete—including King Herod the good of Judea, the Roman emperor Hadrian, Thomas Edison (who as soon as owned the biggest concrete cement plant within the world), and architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Courland issues to fresh archaeological facts suggesting that the invention of concrete at once resulted in the Neolithic Revolution and the increase of the earliest civilizations. a lot later, the Romans reached terribly excessive criteria for concrete creation, showcasing their fulfillment in iconic constructions just like the Coliseum and the Pantheon. Amazingly, with the autumn of the Roman Empire, the secrets and techniques of concrete production have been misplaced for over a millennium.
The writer explains that once concrete was once rediscovered within the overdue eighteenth century it was once first and foremost seen as a fascinating novelty or, at most sensible, a really expert construction fabric compatible just for a slim variety of functions. It was once simply towards the top of the 19th century that using concrete exploded. in this quick enlargement, lobbyists attempted to cover the truth that sleek concrete had sure defects and significant shortcomings. it's now well-known that glossy concrete, not like its Roman predecessor, progressively disintegrates with age. Compounding this challenge is one other distressing truth: the manufacture of concrete cement is a huge contributor to worldwide warming.
Concrete Planet is full of extraordinary tales, interesting characters, mind-blowing evidence, and an array of interesting insights into the construction fabric that types the foundation of the infrastructure on which we depend.
From the Hardcover edition.
Download e-book for iPad: Living in a Material World: Economic Sociology Meets Science by Trevor Pinch,Richard Swedberg
By Trevor Pinch,Richard Swedberg
By Elizabeth A. Wilson
In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and machine pioneer, appeared to the long run: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for digital brains have been confirmed, what sort of intelligence can be equipped? should still laptop intelligence mimic the summary contemplating a chess participant or should still or not it's extra just like the constructing brain of a kid? may still an clever agent merely imagine, or should still it additionally study, think, and grow?
Affect and synthetic Intelligence is the 1st in-depth research of have an effect on and intersubjectivity within the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson uses archival and unpublished fabric from the early years of AI (1945�70) until eventually the current to teach that early researchers have been extra engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She records how affectivity used to be controlled within the canonical works of Walter Pitts within the Forties and Turing within the Nineteen Fifties, in tasks from the Sixties that injected man made brokers into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the Forties to the current, and within the Kismet (sociable robotics) venture at MIT within the 1990s.
By Robert K. Reitherman
This hugely readable publication is a vital reference for civil engineers who paintings on tasks in seismic areas. For researchers within the box of the historical past of technological know-how and expertise, the publication provides unique resource fabric and an in depth checklist of references. Written in an easy type that's obtainable to nonengineers, it's going to even be helpful to architects, planners, officers, and social scientists.
Rick Houston,Milt Heflin,John Aaron's Go, Flight!: The Unsung Heroes of Mission Control, 1965–1992 PDF
By Rick Houston,Milt Heflin,John Aaron
before everything look, it seems like simply one other auditorium in precisely one other govt construction. yet one of the proficient males (and later girls) who labored in challenge keep watch over, the room positioned at the 3rd ground of establishing 30—at what's now Johnson area Center—would develop into recognized by means of many as “the Cathedral.” those contributors of the gap application have been the brightest in their generations, making split-second judgements that made up our minds the good fortune or failure of a venture. The flight controllers, each one supported by way of a employees of experts, have been the main obvious a part of the operation, working the missions, speaking to the heavens, troubleshooting matters on board, and, eventually, trying to carry every body correctly again home.
None of NASA’s storied accomplishments might were attainable with no those humans. Interviews with dozens of individuals who labored within the ancient third-floor project keep watch over room deliver the compelling stories to existence. Go, Flight! is a real-world reminder of the place we've been and the place lets pass back given the proper political and social climate.